For this project, Elisabetta Ferrari (Annenberg School, University of Pennsylvania) conducted research investigating the narratives and tactics used by activists during the Hungarian Internet Tax Protests in 2014. The paper seeks to understand what kind of visions of the internet protesters were articulating and how these visions were constructed and strategically deployed by the movement. The paper describes how these discourses about the internet relate to movements in other countries.

The academic paper is being published by the academic journal, Media Culture and Society. To read a companion piece drawing on this research on investigating how images from the Hungarian internet tax protests are currently affecting political debate about internet policy issues and wider debates on political freedoms, please click here.

October 26, 2014. Protesters lift their cell phones as they march through central Budapest to protest against the internet tax. Photo by Stefan Roch, used with permission.